The island of zanzibar

One of the most spectacular "coral gardens" to be found anywhere in the world. CHICOP is an award-winning private nature reserve that was developed from for the conservation and sustainable management of uninhabited Chumbe Island off Zanzibar, one of the last pristine coral islands in the region. All buildings and operations are based on state-of-the-art eco-technology aiming at zero impact on the environment rainwater catchment, photovoltaic energy and solar water heating, composting toilets, vegetative greywater filtration etc.

The island of zanzibar

Various types of limestone form the base of both islands. Raised sands and sandstones also occur, together with varied residual deposits similar to alluvial strata on the adjacent mainland. Extensive weathering of the limestones combined with erosion and earth movements have resulted in a variety of soils including red earths, loams, clays, and sands.

Flat areas of coral limestone occur to the east, south, and north of Zanzibar and on the western islands. In places the coral is overlain by shallow red earth or alluvium. The general impression of Zanzibar when approached from the mainland is of a long, low island with small ridges along its central north—south axis.

Coconut palms and other vegetation cover the land surface. It is 53 miles 85 km at its greatest length and 24 miles 39 km broad. The highest point of the central ridge system is Masingini, feet m above sea level. Higher ground is gently undulating and gives rise to a few small rivers, which flow west to the sea or disappear in the coral country.

The climate is typically insular, tropical, and humid, with an average annual rainfall of 60 to 80 inches 1, to 2, mm. Rainfall is reliable and well-distributed in comparison with most of eastern Africa. Northeast trade winds blow from December to March and southeast trade winds from May to October.

Small patches of indigenous forest and isolated large trees support the view that much of the island was originally covered by dense evergreen forest. The open coral-outcrop country supports a dense thicket vegetation.

The island of zanzibar

The flat clay plains are grass-covered. The major wild animals include leopard a variety peculiar to Zanzibarcivet cat, mongoosetwo species of monkeylemurthe African pigforest duikerpigmy antelopeabout 20 species of batsand 30 forms of snakes.

Mosquitoes breed freely during the rainy seasons. Insect pests such as the coreid bug Pseudotheraptus wayiwhich attacks coconuts, and animal pests and parasites, such as tsetse fly and ticks which transmit east coast fever to cattlehave been the subject of research and control.

Considerable areas of fertile soil and a favourable climate enable the production of a variety of tropical crops, most importantly cloves and coconuts. Local food crops, such as rice, cassava, yams, and tropical fruit, are also important. Fish is an important part of the diet, and local fisheries employ perhaps about one-tenth of the population.Changuu Island, commonly referred to as Prison Island, is just a 20 – 30 minute boat ride from Stone Town, Zanzibar.

So Many Things to Do!

Arriving by boat, the first thing you will see is a rustic wooden bridge jutting out into the azure blue waters of the Indian Ocean. SAVE! See TripAdvisor's Zanzibar Island, Zanzibar Archipelago hotel deals and special prices on 30+ hotels all in one spot.

Find the perfect hotel within your budget with reviews from real travelers. Nov 13, - Find the perfect place to stay at an amazing price in countries. Belong anywhere with Airbnb. Zanzibar Island is a beautiful tropical landmass covering square kilometres and lying around 35km off the Indian Ocean coastline of Tanzania, just north of the capital and main port of entry Dar es Salaam.

Zanzibar is a wonderful, romantic, historic and stunningly beautiful tropical island. Sultan Sands Island Resort is situated next to its sister property, Bluebay Beach Resort & Spa on the wide, sparkling beaches of Kiwengwa on the east coast of the island. Karafuu Beach Resort & Spa is the best place for your holiday in Zanzibar island, Tanzania.

Amazing sea view rooms and suites, diving centre and much more.

Zanzibar - Wikipedia