I am glad Brandon has drawn attention to the confirmation bias in Notes on Liberty. The words refer to the universal tendency of human beings to notice and to remember facts that support what they already believe to be true to the detriment of information favoring different and opposing views. Thus someone who believes that human activity has been causing global warming will collect and recall unusually hot days and he will tend to discount unusually cool days. The confirmation bias is the bane of casual discussion such as are conducted in coffee shops, around the kitchen table and, in immense numbers now, on the web.
In North Africa, the Libya conflict between the then internationally-recognized government in Tobruk and the Tripoli-based faction enabled an expansion of violent extremist groups, including the holding of territory by the ISIL branch in Libya.
While the UN sought to facilitate the formation of a Government of National Accord, porous borders, continued proliferation of weapons, and weak security institutions provided an environment where terrorists could operate with impunity.
Libya continued to serve as a key operational and transit hub for foreign terrorist fighters traveling to and from Syria and Iraq. The perpetrators of all three attacks had been trained in Libya. Ramadi was the first major complex operation to be completed entirely by retrained Iraqi security forces and local tribal partners.
Other key Iraqi cities liberated in included the Sunni city of Tikrit, the oil infrastructure hub of Bayji, and Sinjar, where ISIL murdered hundreds of Yazidis and enslaved thousands more.
AQAP expanded its safe haven by seizing several towns, including the port city of Mukalla, which has given it access to increased financial resources.
Despite losing a number of senior leaders duringthe group was able to increase its recruiting and expand its safe haven in Yemen. Although the Yemeni government has reestablished a presence in Aden, a large security vacuum persisted that both ISIL and AQAP have taken advantage of to strengthen their footholds and forces inside the country.
Egypt faced an increase in terrorist activity, threats, and security challenges. Hundreds of civilians and scores of security forces police and military were killed by terrorists.
The terrorist attacks have been varied — high profile the October 31 crash of a Metrojet airliner, purportedly as the result of an ISIL-Sinai attackEgyptian government targets the June 29 Assassination of Prosecutor General Barakatand foreign targets the July 22 beheading of a Croatian national.
A group calling itself Islamic State-Egypt has begun to claim responsibility for terrorist attacks in the rest of the country, notably the June 20 failed attack against foreign tourists in Luxor and the July 11 bombing of the Italian Consulate in Cairo.
Israel again faced terrorist threats from Palestinian terrorists from Gaza and the West Bank. Since October 1, a series of lone-offender attacks by Palestinians in Gaza, Israel, Jerusalem, and the West Bank has increased tensions between Israel and the Palestinians.
Israeli and Palestinian security forces continued coordination in an effort to mitigate the ongoing violence. Israeli counterterrorism officials reported that Hamas and other Gaza terrorists made significant advances in their military capabilities.
Terrorists continued their arms and dual-use smuggling efforts through the Sinai into Gaza via tunnels, although the Government of Egypt undertook efforts to prevent such smuggling from its side, which Israeli officials welcomed. Algeria remained an important counterterrorism partner.
The Government of Algeria has a long history of fighting terrorism and has devoted considerable resources to advancing its security agenda. Military forces and multiple law enforcement, intelligence, and security services with delineated responsibilities addressed counterterrorism, counter-intelligence, investigations, border security, and crisis response.
These groups aspired to establish their interpretations of Islamic law in the region and to attack Algerian security services, local government targets, and Western interests. Although criminal groups engaged in kidnapping, there were no reports of kidnappings executed by terrorist groups in Four other Algerian factions have issued statements claiming allegiance to ISIL, but there was little indication that these groups contained more than a small number of fighters.Turbulence, terror, pestilence, famine, love, procreation, taxes, families, sunsets, rain, shine, etc.—all are components of the human condition.
There is no arc toward perfection in human nature. The jihadists will remain our mortal enemy; no negotiations or deterrence theories will alter their murderous intent.
Prof. Efraim Inbar Prof. Efraim Inbar is professor emeritus of political studies at Bar-Ilan University and a fellow at the Middle East Forum. In the wake of the Sept. 11, terrorist attacks on the U.S., the threat of militant Islamic terrorism -- rooted in the Middle East and South Asia -- has taken center stage.
Terrorism in the Middle East. Terrorism in the Middle East With the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 's and the cold war over, the international community seemed to be on the threshold of an era of unprecedented peace and prosperity.
Countering the Financing of Terrorism: Egypt is a member of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, a Financial Action Task Force (FATF)-style regional body.
Egypt’s financial intelligence unit, the Egyptian Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Combating Unit, is a member of the Egmont Group. Nov 15, · Though physical impacts of terrorism in the Middle East should be the main focus of counterterrorism efforts, financial impacts should not be ignored.
Officials could help mitigate devastating economic effects by identifying and protecting essential regional revenue streams like tourism and oil.
|A List Of Great Dissertation Topics About The Middle East||Efraim Inbar September 1, The collapse of the Arab state system and the rise of political Islam have destabilized the Middle East and entrenched the region as the major source of global terror. Even the more stable states, such as Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia, display strong Islamic tendencies and support radical groups that engage in terrorism.|
|Our writers||Terrorism in the Middle East Terrorism in the Middle East Terrorism in the Middle East With the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 's and the cold war over, the international community seemed to be on the threshold of an era of unprecedented peace and prosperity.|
|This is mostly because it has some key features that need to make sure that it possess is difficult. It has to be unique.|
|In Libya, civil conflict, the proliferation of armed groups, and the breakdown of government functions provided space and safe haven for terrorist groups.|
|Diplomacy in Action||In North Africa, the Libya conflict between the then internationally-recognized government in Tobruk and the Tripoli-based faction enabled an expansion of violent extremist groups, including the holding of territory by the ISIL branch in Libya. While the UN sought to facilitate the formation of a Government of National Accord, porous borders, continued proliferation of weapons, and weak security institutions provided an environment where terrorists could operate with impunity.|