An overview of anxiety disorders

Sufferers can't predict when the attacks will occur. Certain situations, however, such as driving a car, can become associated with them if it was in those situations where the first attack occurred. Untreated, panic sufferers can despair and become suicidal. People with OCD suffer with obsessions, which are repeated, intrusive, unwanted thoughts that cause distress and extreme anxiety.

An overview of anxiety disorders

Facial expression of someone with chronic anxiety Generalized anxiety disorder[ edit ] Main article: Generalized anxiety disorder Generalized anxiety disorder GAD is a common disorder, characterized by long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any one object or situation.

Those suffering from generalized anxiety disorder experience non-specific persistent fear and worry, and become overly concerned with everyday matters. Generalized anxiety disorder is "characterized by chronic excessive worry accompanied by three or more of the following symptoms: A diagnosis of GAD is made when a person has been excessively worried about an everyday problem for six months or more.

Specific phobia The single largest category of anxiety disorders is that of specific phobias which includes all cases in which fear and anxiety are triggered by a specific stimulus or situation.

Common phobias are flying, blood, water, highway driving, and tunnels. When people are exposed to their phobia, they may experience trembling, shortness of breath, or rapid heartbeat. These panic attacksdefined by the APA as fear or discomfort that abruptly arises and peaks in less than ten minutes, can last for several hours.

However sometimes the trigger is unclear and the attacks can arise without warning. To help prevent an attack one can avoid the trigger.

This being said not all attacks can be prevented. In addition to recurrent unexpected panic attacks, a diagnosis of panic disorder requires that said attacks have chronic consequences: As such, those suffering from panic disorder experience symptoms even outside specific panic episodes.

Often, normal changes in heartbeat are noticed by a panic sufferer, leading them to think something is wrong with their heart or they are about to have another panic attack. In some cases, a heightened awareness hypervigilance of body functioning occurs during panic attacks, wherein any perceived physiological change is interpreted as a possible life-threatening illness i.

Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is the specific anxiety about being in a place or situation where escape is difficult or embarrassing or where help may be unavailable. A common manifestation involves needing to be in constant view of a door or other escape route.

In addition to the fears themselves, the term agoraphobia is often used to refer to avoidance behaviors that sufferers often develop. These avoidance behaviors can often have serious consequences and often reinforce the fear they are caused by.

Social anxiety disorder[ edit ] Main article: Social anxiety disorder Social anxiety disorder SAD; also known as social phobia describes an intense fear and avoidance of negative public scrutiny, public embarrassment, humiliation, or social interaction. This fear can be specific to particular social situations such as public speaking or, more typically, is experienced in most or all social interactions.

Social anxiety often manifests specific physical symptoms, including blushing, sweating, and difficulty speaking.

As with all phobic disorders, those suffering from social anxiety often will attempt to avoid the source of their anxiety; in the case of social anxiety this is particularly problematic, and in severe cases can lead to complete social isolation. Social physique anxiety SPA is a subtype of social anxiety.

Post-traumatic stress disorder[ edit ] Main article: Post-traumatic stress disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD was once an anxiety disorder now moved to trauma- and stressor-related disorders in DSM-V that results from a traumatic experience.

Post-traumatic stress can result from an extreme situation, such as combat, natural disaster, rape, hostage situations, child abusebullyingor even a serious accident. It can also result from long-term chronic exposure to a severe stressor-- [21] for example, soldiers who endure individual battles but cannot cope with continuous combat.

Common symptoms include hypervigilanceflashbacksavoidant behaviors, anxiety, anger and depression.

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Such treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy CBTpsychotherapy and support from family and friends. Studies have found the degree of exposure to a disaster has been found to be the best predictor of PTSD.

An overview of anxiety disorders

Separation anxiety disorder Separation anxiety disorder SepAD is the feeling of excessive and inappropriate levels of anxiety over being separated from a person or place.

Separation anxiety is a normal part of development in babies or children, and it is only when this feeling is excessive or inappropriate that it can be considered a disorder. This may include training the parents and family on how to deal with it. Often, the parents will reinforce the anxiety because they do not know how to properly work through it with the child.INTRODUCTION — Eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder can be life-threatening due to general medical complications and suicide, and patients often refuse treatment..

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This topic provides an overview of treatment in patients with eating disorders. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, assessment, diagnosis, course of illness, and. INTRODUCTION — Eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder can be life-threatening due to general medical complications and suicide, and patients often refuse treatment..

This topic provides an overview of treatment in patients with eating disorders. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, . The Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) is an international nonprofit membership organization (with more than 1, professional mental health members) and a leader in education, training, and research for anxiety, depression and related disorders.

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Welcome to New York Center for OCD and Anxiety Related Disorders. NYOCD’s mission is to provide effective treatment that is result-focused and action-oriented.

Overview & Facts. Everyone feels anxious now and then -- when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. Anxiety disorders are different.

Anxiety disorders are a set of related mental conditions that include: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD.

Anxiety Disorders - Learn the Symptoms & Treatment